NURS 6521 Week 11 Final Exam (November 2020)

Course : NURS 6521 Advanced Pharmacology
Submitted : Spring 2021
Contributed : Megan
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  • NURS 6521 Week 11 Final Exam (November 2020)
  1. Question: A 7-year-old child has been taking tetracycline for a bacterial infection. The nurse will be sure to inform the parents that this drug could cause
  2. Question: A 45-year-old woman with acute leukemia is going to begin chemotherapy with vincristine. The nurse is aware that vincristine must always be administered
  3. Question: A Nurse Practitioner is to use a single-dose 1 mL vial to administer 0.5 mL of epoetin alfa to a 39-year-old woman who is being treated for chemotherapy-induced anemia. Which of the following will the nurse do with the unused portion of the drug
  4. Question: Mr. Singh is a 66-year-old man who is receiving chemotherapy for the treatment of lung cancer that has metastasized to his liver. In an effort to prevent infection, Mr. Singh has been prescribed filgrastim (Neupogen). Which of the nurse's following assessment questions most directly addresses a common adverse effect of filgrastim?
  5. Question: A child is admitted to the burn unit with second and third degree burns on both arms and part of his or her face. When administering topical medications to the burned areas, the nurse should
  6. Question: Which of the following is a true statement about aspirin and its action on platelets
  7. Question: Which of the following medications will not increase the likelihood of photosensitivity?
  8. Question: Combination OCs prevent pregnancy primarily by:
  9. Question: Cindy has been on Citalopram (Lexapro) For a year and is willing to try tapering off of the selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor. What is the initial dosage adjustment when tapering off anti-depressants
  10. Question: An immune compromised patient with a diagnosis of candidiasis has failed to respond to conservative therapy and has consequently begun treatment with amphotericin B. The nurse is aware that this drug achieves a therapeutic effect by way of its influence on
  11. Question: A 51-year-old female patient has been receiving doxorubicin (Adriamycin) for metastatic breast cancer. Her medical record indicates she has cardiomyopathy and a cumulative dose of 300 mg/m2 of doxorubicin. Which of the following measures would help limit the severity of the cardiomyopathy in this patient?
  12. Question: JC is a 13 years old female to be seen in your clinic today.  You review JC's medication and realize that which medication is a potential risk of growth suppression in prepubescent children?
  13. Question: A patient who is at risk for DVT tells the NP she has just learned she is pregnant.  The NP should expect that this patient will use which of the following anticoagulant medications?
  14. Question: A 60-year-old patient experienced a sudden onset of chest pain and shortness of breath and was subsequently diagnosed with a pulmonary embolism in the emergency department. The patient has been started on an intravenous heparin infusion. How does this drug achieve therapeutic effect?
  15. Question: Mr. Lepp is a 63-year-old man who was diagnosed with colon cancer several weeks ago and who is scheduled to begin chemotherapy. He reports to the nurse that he read about the need for erythropoietin in an online forum for cancer patients and wants to explore the use of epoetin alfa with his oncologist. Which of the following facts should underlie the nurse's response to Mr. Lepp?
  16. Question: A 15-year-old patient has meningitis caused by Haemophilus influenzae. She is being treated with chloramphenicol. The most important nursing action for this patient would be to monitor
  17. Question: A Nurse Practitioner will monitor which of the following when assigned to a patient taking allopurinol for chronic gout who visits the clinic every 2 months?
  18. Question: The NP is considering a medication to treat Ms. Robert's Urinary Tract Infection. The NP knows that Trimethoprim sulfamethazole (Bactrim) Is contra indicated in which of the following conditions:
  19. Question: Which of the following agents would not be expected to cause nausea, vomiting, Flushing, dizziness, headache, and abdominal discomfort after consumption of alcohol?
  20. Question: When planning care for a patient who is receiving filgrastim (Neupogen) for a non-myeloid malignancy, the nurse should formulate which of the following patient outcomes? (Select all that apply.)
  21. Question: A patient with chronic heart failure has begun treatment with epoetin alfa, which she will receive in her own home from a home health nurse. The nurse should teach the patient to supplement this treatment with a diet that is high in
  22. Question: A Nurse Practitioner educator who coordinates the staff education on an oncology unit is conducting an inservice on targeted therapies. What potential benefit of targeted therapies should the nurse highlight in this education session?
  23. Question: A Nurse Practitioner is caring for a patient who is at 28 weeks' gestation and is receiving terbutaline (Brethine) to control preterm labor. Which of the following assessment parameters should the nurse prioritize?
  24. Question: A 29-year-old pregnant patient is extremely upset about having to take medication for a pre-existing medical condition. She is consumed with fear that her baby will be born with a physical deformity or a congenital anomaly but knows that she has to take the medication. She talks constantly about this and is unable to sleep most nights. Which of the following is the most appropriate nursing diagnosis for this patient is?
  25. Question: A woman is receiving magnesium sulfate for intrapartum eclampsia. The patient is perspiring and her blood pressure is 88/50. The serum magnesium level is 10 mg/dL. The nurse will interpret these manifestations as
  26. Question: An immune compromised patient in a critical care setting has developed a respiratory infection that has been attributed to methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA). The nurse should anticipate that the patient will require treatment with
  27. Question: A female patient is taking filgrastim (Neupogen) to decrease the incidence of infection. The nurse notices a small increase in the neutrophil count 2 days after starting therapy. The nurse's evaluation of the increase is that
  28. Question: Which Of the following pharmacologic agents can be used to treat nicotine dependence/ smoking cessation?
  29. Question: A patient is taking flavoxate hydrochloride (Urispas) to help control an overactive bladder. On a follow-up visit to the clinic, the nurse will question the patient about which of the following?
  30. Question: A 65-year-old woman has an advanced form of rheumatoid arthritis. Her treatment includes a regular dosage of methotrexate. The APRN will advise her to take which of the following vitamin supplements while taking the drug?
  31. Question: A Nurse Practitioner is working with a 16-year-old pregnant teen and assessing for behavior that may put the baby at risk. The most important assessment the nurse can make is
  32. Question: During ongoing assessment of a patient receiving 5-FU therapy, the nurse finds the patient's platelet count to be 92,000 cells/mm3. The nurse should do which of the following?
  33. Question: The nurse practitioner orders Amoxicillin 500 mg tid? What is the total amount of medication patient will take per day?
  34. Question: Which antibiotic requires administration of a loading dose?
  35. Question: A 59-year-old man with a recent history of erectile dysfunction has been assessed and prescribed sildenafil (Viagra). When providing patient education to this man, the nurse should tell him which of the following?
  36. Question: A contraindication to the use of combined contraceptives is:
  37. Question: Gold compounds are contraindicated in patients with all of the following conditions except:
  38. Question: A 20-year-old woman has been prescribed estrogen. As with all women taking estrogen, the nurse will carefully monitor the patient for which of the following?
  39. Question: A 16-year-old boy is prescribed cromolyn sodium nasal spray to treat a nasal allergy. To maximize the therapeutic effects of the drug, which of the following will the nurse include in instructions to the patient?
  40. Question: A Nurse Practitioner is instructing a 19-year-old female patient on the use of fluconazole for candida vaginitis. A teaching priority will be to
  41. Question: Donald is a nurse practitioner student. He recognizes Which option below could be a secondary use for an anxiolytic medication?
  42. Question: A 2-year-old child is diagnosed with a minor ailment and is to be administered medications at home for 2 weeks. The child lives with his mother, grandmother, and four other children between the ages of 14 months and 7 years. The home health nurse is asked to assess the home environment to determine if it is appropriate for the child to take his medication at home. Which of the following will have the greatest impact on the nurse's assessment?
  43. Question: Off label prescribing is:
  44. Question: All insects have an FDA black box warning regarding
  45. Question: JC is a 13 years old female to be seen in your clinic today.  You review JC's medication and realize that which medication is a potential risk of growth suppression in prepubescent children?
  46. Question: A nurse practitioner orders 150 mg of oral fluconazole for a patient with vulvovaginal candidiasis. The patient should expect to take medication
  47. Question: A 13-year-old female took a weight loss drug that activated the sympathetic nervous system. Which of the following assessment findings would the nurse expect?
  48. Question: A patient with bipolar disorder is on divalproex sodium (Depakote) for mania. What test(s) would the family nurse practitioner:
  49. Question: Ms. TW is a 47 years old female with known rheumatoid arthritis (RA).  She was s placed on prednisone 5 mg PO qd. In teaching the patient about her medication, it would be important for the nurse practitioner to include what information?
  50. Question: Lisa age 25, has just been placed on Minocycline.  The NP should tell this pt to:
  51. Question: Drugs have a valid medical use but a high potential for abuse, both psychological and physiologic. In an emergency, a Schedule 2 drug may be prescribed by telephone if a written prescription cannot be provided at the time. However, a written prescription must be provided within 72 hours with the words authorization for emergency dispensing written on the prescription. These prescriptions cannot be refilled. A new prescription must be written each time. Examples include certain amphetamines and barbiturates. This is scheduled drug
  52. Question: A nurse practitioner has been assigned to a 55-year-old woman who has a malignant brain tumor. The patient is receiving her first dose of carmustine. It will be critical for the nurse to observe for which of the following?
  53. Question: A pregnant patient asks the Nurse Practitioner what over-the-counter medication she can take for recurring headaches. The nurse should recommend
  54. Question: A 38-year-old pregnant patient admits to the Nurse Practitioner that she is an alcoholic and has been consuming alcohol during her pregnancy. The nurse knows that using alcohol during pregnancy may result in a child who presents with
  55. Question: A 73-year-old woman has osteoporosis and is prescribed alendronate. She takes calcium and vitamin D supplements, drinks lots of water, and has just quit smoking. The nurse should advise the patient to also
  56. Question: A Nurse Practitioner works at a weight management clinic. To which of the following overweight patients could the nurse safely administer dextroamphetamine?
  57. Question: A Nurse Practitioner has completed a medication reconciliation of a patient who has been admitted following a motor vehicle accident. Among the many drugs that the patient has received in the previous year is rituximab. The nurse would be justified in suspecting the patient may have received treatment for which of the following diseases?
  58. Question: A patient has been taking doxazosin (Cardura) 2 mg PO daily for 3 weeks for treatment of BPH. He returns to the clinic and is complaining of feeling dizzy when he stands up. Which action would the family nurse practitioner take?
  59. Question: The nurse practitioner has prescribed elemental iron 6 mg/kg/day in three divided doses for a toddler diagnosed with iron-deficiency anemia. What instructions would the family nurse practitioner include for the parents?
  60. Question: The NP has just placed Mr. Johnson on a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor. What symptoms should be reviewed with the patient who is newly prescribed this class of medication?
  61. Question: Ms. Carter, a 48 years old female was placed on an aminoglycoside.  The NP knows that an adverse reaction to aminoglycosides is?
  62. Question: A patient reports to a clinic with complaints of breast tenderness, a right lumpy breast, and no breast discharge. The breast tenderness occurs primarily during her menstrual cycle. The nurse practitioner probably suspects
  63. Question: The NP is teaching a patient about TMP/SMX before prescribing it to treat a UTI.  Which statement by the patient indicates a need for further teaching?
  64. Question: A 62-year-old patient taking tamoxifen exhibits increased bone and tumor pain along with a local disease flare. The nurse interprets this as an indication of which of the following?
  65. Question: Jessica, the NP is seeing an asthmatic child in the clinic today to evaluate the child's response to their prescribed therapy.  The child uses an ICS (Inhaled Corticosteroid) twice a day and an albuterol mdi as needed.  The child's symptoms are well controlled, However the Nurse Practitioner notes some slowing of the child's linear growth on a standardized growth chart.  The NP should change this medication regimen to:
  66. Question: A Nurse Practitioner is providing patient education to a 50-year-old woman who is taking methotrexate (MTX) for breast cancer. The nurse will instruct the patient to avoid which of the following drugs?
  67. Question: Black cohosh is an herb that is commonly used for
  68. Question: A 66-year-old woman has experienced a significant decline in her quality of life as a result of worsening rheumatoid arthritis. Her physician has prescribed etanercept and the APRN is responsible for facilitating this new aspect of the patient's drug regimen. This will involve the administration of
  69. Question: A male patient is trying to decide if he should use finasteride (Proscar) to treat benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH). When providing information about the drug, the nurse will include which of the following as a risk associated with finasteride therapy?
  70. Question: Autonomic Drugs are often using topical form for what purpose?
  71. Question: How is hydrocodone eliminated from the body?
  72. Question: Which of the following drugs is most likely to cause sexual dysfunction and males?
  73. Question: An older adult woman has been diagnosed with acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and her care team has identified potential benefits of imatinib. Which of the following characteristics of this patient's current health status may preclude the use of imatinib?
  74. Question: A 72-year-old patient is prescribed ophthalmic ciprofloxacin for a bacterial infection in her right eye. The nurse will teach her to observe for which of the following adverse effects of the drug?
  75. Question: What is the first line treatment for hypertension and a male with benign prosthetic hypertrophy?
  76. Question: The NP student knows that which statement below accurately describes the activity of naloxone?
  77. Question: Which of the following patients will be at the greatest risk for anemia and would be the most likely candidate for epoetin alfa therapy?
  78. Question: A Nurse Practitioner working in a cancer center is preparing to administer medication to a 5-year-old child. The nurse will calculate the drug dosage by using
  79. Question: A Nurse Practitioner is explaining to a pregnant 21-year-old college student why she cannot continue to take ibuprofen (Advil) for her headaches. The nurse draws a picture depicting drug molecules crossing the placental membrane and entering into the fetal circulation. The nurse tells the patient that the main reason this happens is because
  80. Question: A male patient has been brought to the emergency department during an episode of status epilepticus. Diazepam is to be administered intravenously. The APRN will be sure to
  81. Question: A male patient is experiencing climacteric symptoms secondary to androgen deficiency. His physician has prescribed testosterone. The nursing assessment reveals that the patient has had a myocardial infarction. The combination of testosterone therapy and a history of myocardial infarction would place that patient at a significantly higher risk of
  82. Question: A 54-year-old woman with a history of osteoporosis has been prescribed ciprofloxacin for recurrent cystitis. Because of the patient's history, the nurse would be sure to discuss with the woman the use of
  83. Question: A female patient is taking oral cyclophosphamide therapy for breast cancer. Because of possible adverse effects of the drug, the nurse will instruct the patient to do which of the following?
  84. Question: A 39-year-old woman is receiving doxorubicin for the treatment of cancer. After each treatment, the patient has acute nausea and vomiting accompanied by a slightly increased heart rate. The nurse will advise her to
  85. Question: A man is prescribed ciprofloxacin to treat a sexually transmitted infection. The nurse will instruct the patient to
  86. Question: The anticoagulant drug that acts as a vitamin K antagonist is:
  87. Question: An immunocompromised 7-year-old child was recently discharged home with a peripherally-inserted central line (PIC line) for home antibiotic therapy. He has now been brought to the emergency department by his mother and father with signs and symptoms of line sepsis. Upon questioning, the mother states that she has been removing the PIC dressing daily and washing the site with warm water and a cloth. What nursing diagnosis is most appropriate in this situation?
  88. Question: Which of the following would a Nurse Practitioner assess for in a patient who is taking polymyxin B systemically?
  89. Question: What is the minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC)
  90. Question: The NP is reviewing Mrs. Oglethorpe's medication list and recognizes that which drug listed below has been associated with increased risk for MI in women?
  91. Question: A nurse practitioner has administered filgrastim to a diverse group of patients in recent months. Which of the following patients should the nurse observe for extremely elevated white blood cell counts following administration of the drug?
  92. Question: Ms. Lewis Is in 74-year-old female who presents to your clinic for routine visit today. You review her medical record and notice she is prescribed aspirin therapy. You provide patient education regarding the signs of aspirin toxicity. An early sign of aspirin toxicity is:
  93. Question: A patient has been prescribed oral tetracycline. The nurse will instruct the patient to take the drug
  94. Question: A school nurse has been teaching high school students about the risks associated with marijuana use. However, the nurse has been met with considerable skepticism on the part of students, most of whom believe that marijuana is a benign drug. Which of the following teaching points should the nurse provide?
  95. Question: An NP is seeing a child who weighs 25 pounds, 2 oz and needs a medication.  The NP learns that the recommended dosing for this drug is 30-35 mg per kg per day in three divided doses.  The NP should order
  96. Question: The clinical nurse educator who oversees the emergency department in a children's hospital has launched an awareness program aimed at reducing drug errors. What measure addresses the most common cause of incorrect doses in the care of infants and children?
  97. Question: A patient has acquired primary hypogonadism and has been prescribed testosterone transdermal (Androderm) patches. When educating the patient on how to administer the drug, the nurse will instruct him to
  98. Question: A 12-year-old boy is being discharged from the hospital after major surgery. The boy will be taking two medications at home for an extended period. The nurse who is discharging the patient should provide medication teaching specifically to
  99. Question: A child with chronic allergic symptoms uses an intranasal steroid for control of symptoms. At this child's annual well-child checkup, the NP should carefully review what?
  100. Question: A 33-year-old man has developed acute gouty arthritis. He has been prescribed colchicine. When developing a care plan for this patient, which factor will be most important for the nurse to consider?
  101. Question: When completing this exam, did you comply with Walden University’s Code of Conduct including the expectations for academic integrity?

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