BIOS 256 Final Exam ....... Multiple Choice & Essay Questions With Answers

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BIOS 256 Final Exam answers for the "Multiple Choice" and "Essay Questions" highlighted below:   

Multiple Choice Questions:

  1. Question:       The urinary system does all of the following, EXCEPT it
  2. Question:       Conical structures that are located in the renal medulla are called
  3. Question:       The region known as the macula densa is part of
  4. Question:       The cells of the macula densa and the juxtaglomerular cells form the
  5. Question:       A glomerulus is
  6. Question:       The following is a list of the blood vessels that carry blood to the kidney.
  7. Question:       The process of filtration is driven by
  8. Question:       The mechanisms for maintaining the solute concentration gradient in the renal medulla require
  9. Question:       Which of the following is greater?
  10. Question:     The antidiuretic hormone
  11. Question:     In the loop of Henle
  12. Question:     Which hormone stimulates the thirst mechanism most?
  13. Question:     All of the following are components of ECF, except
  14. Question:     Which hormone plays a role in determining the rate of sodium absorption and potassium loss?
  15. Question:     You are caring for a patient who has been vomiting and having diarrhea for the past five days. You suspect that his electrolyte levels are
  16. Question:     Which hormone affects the osmotic concentration of urine without affecting any ion levels?
  17. Question:     The most common problems with electrolyte balance are caused by an imbalance between gains and losses of
  18. Question:     The higher the plasma concentration of aldosterone, the more efficiently the kidney will
  19. Question:     Angiotensin II produces a coordinated elevation in the ECF volume by
  20. Question:     Renal failure can result in
  21. Question:     Intracellular fluid (ICF) is found in
  22. Question:     The principal cation in intracellular fluid is
  23. Question:     When water is lost, but electrolytes are retained
  24. Question:     Consuming a meal high in salt will
  25. Question:     Aldosterone
  26. Question:     When the level of sodium ion in extracellular fluid decreases,
  27. Question:     Excess potassium ion is eliminated from the body by
  28. Question:     The amount of potassium secreted by the kidneys is regulated by
  29. Question:     Calcium reabsorption by the kidneys is promoted by the hormone
  30. Question:     Each of the following statements concerning chloride ions is true, except that
  31. Question:     The primary role of the carbonic acid–bicarbonate buffer system is to
  32. Question:     Acidosis can cause all of the following, except
  33. Question:     Hypoventilation would cause
  34. Question:     In response to respiratory alkalosis, the
  35. Question:     Prolonged vomiting can result in
  36. Question:     A person with emphysema will exhibit signs of
  37. Question:     A person with chronic diabetes will exhibit signs of
  38. Question:     A person who chronically consumes large amounts of antacids to settle an upset stomach may risk
  39. Question:     To survive, humans must maintain a normal volume and composition of
  40. Question:     A _____ acid is an acid that can leave solution and enter the atmosphere
  41. Question:     The reproductive system
  42. Question:     Projections of the tunica albuginea, known as septae, divide the testis into
  43. Question:     Straight tubules originate at the seminiferous tubules and form a maze of passageways called the
  44. Question:     The spermatic cord is
  45. Question:     Interstitial cells produce
  46. Question:     The sustentacular cells of the seminiferous tubules do all of the following, except that they
  47. Question:     Sperm production occurs in the
  48. Question:     Sperm develop from stem cells called
  49. Question:     As developing sperm cells begin the process of meiosis, they become
  50. Question:     The cells that are formed at the end of meiosis are called
  51. Question:     Sperm are moved along the ductus deferens by
  52. Question:     The following is a list of structures of the male reproductive tract.
  53. Question:     The structure that carries sperm from the seminal vesicle to the urethra is the
  54. Question:     The tubular structure that produces a secretion that contains fructose, prostaglandins, and fibrinogen is the
  55. Question:     The structure that surrounds the urethra and produces an alkaline secretion is the
  56. Question:     Seminal fluid contains all of the following, EXCEPT
  57. Question:     The male organ of copulation is the
  58. Question:     The portion of the penis that surrounds the external urethral meatus is the
  59. Question:     The erectile tissue that surrounds the urethra is the
  60. Question:     The role of the pituitary hormone follicle-stimulating hormone in males is to
  61. Question:     The pituitary hormone that stimulates the interstitial cells to secrete testosterone is
  62. Question:     The broad ligament is
  63. Question:     The organ that provides mechanical protection and nutritional support for the developing embryo is the
  64. Question:     The round ligaments extend from the
  65. Question:     The muscular layer of the uterus is the
  66. Question:     Each of the following statements concerning oogenesis is true, EXCEPT that
  67. Question:     The surge in luteinizing hormone that occurs during the middle of the ovarian cycle triggers
  68. Question:     A rise in the blood levels of follicle-stimulating hormone at the beginning of the ovarian cycle is responsible for
  69. Question:     During the proliferative phase of the menstrual cycle,
  70. Question:     During the secretory phase of the menstrual cycle
  71. Question:     During the menses
  72. Question:     All of the following are true of the vagina, EXCEPT that it
  73. Question:     In the mammary gland, milk production occurs in the
  74. Question:     The clitoris is
  75. Question:     The principal hormone(s) secreted by the corpus luteum is/are
  76. Question:     Menstruation is triggered by a drop in the levels of
  77. Question:     The developing follicle cells secrete
  78. Question:     The hormone estradiol does all of the following, EXCEPT that it
  79. Question:     All of the following occur at puberty in both sexes, EXCEPT that
  80. Question:     The _____ is the inferior portion of the uterus that extends from the isthmus to the vagina
  81. Question:     Which muscle draws the scrotal sac close to the body to control scrotal temperature?
  82. Question:     During which stage of spermatogenesis do the cells begin meiosis?
  83. Question:     The primary oocyte and its follicle cell form in the
  84. Question:     DNA replicates during
  85. Question:     Sustentacular cells contain or function in all of the following, EXCEPT
  86. Question:     Which is the function of the ovaries?
  87. Question:     Where does oocyte growth and meiosis I occur?
  88. Question:     The completion of meiosis in males produces four spermatids, each containing
  89. Question:     Testosterone and other androgens are secreted by the
  90. Question:     The solid ball of cells that is formed after several rounds of cell division following fertilization is called a
  91. Question:     The hormone that increases the flexibility of the symphysis pubis and causes dilation of the cervix during pregnancy is
  92. Question:     In _____, implantation occurs somewhere other than in the uterus
  93. Question:     Human chorionic somatomammotropin will not be converted to active status without 

Some Esssay Questions:                               

A.    Question: Explain the differences/similarities between the two divisions of the autonomic nervous system.

B.    Question: Explain how speech works – outline the major speech areas, what they do, and where they are located.

C.    Question: Differentiate between the general and special senses – provide two examples of general senses and two examples of special senses – describe where these senses are found in the body and their functional significance.

D.    Question: Explain the control of estrogen and progesterone through the endocrine system.

E.     Question: Explain the process of calcium regulation in the human body including using the concepts of homeostasis and negative feedback.

F.     Question: How is sugar regulated in the body (include both up and down regulation in the blood stream?

G.    Question: Discriminate between paracrine, autocrine, endocrine and exocrine secretions.

H.    Question:  List and describe the major hormones secreted from the anterior pituitary (include the target organ/tissue, functions and one possible problem associated with its dysregulation).

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